How to extract your profits from your limited company – a simple guide

Your limited company is a separate legal entity to yourself.

It is important that it has its own bank account.

You should only draw out money from the company as:
1. Salary under PAYE/NIC
2. Dividends
3. Reimbursement of expenses
4. Repayment of a credit balance on your director’s loan account

Do not let your director’s loan account go overdrawn

If your director’s loan is overdrawn at the period end then if it is not repaid within 9 months of your year end then there will be a tax charge of 32.5% of the amount overdrawn. The account must remain repaid as there are anti avoidance measures where director’s loan accounts are paid back and then drawn out again. If the director account is overdrawn by more than £10000, there will be a beneficial loan interest charge on you. The company will have to pay Class 1A NIC and you will have to pay income tax on the charge.

Is your company an intermediary?

If you are providing a service to a customer through your limited company then you have to look at the contract. From 6th April 2021, your customer must determine whether or not your company is an intermediary unless they are a small entity. You should receive a notice of an employment status determination from your customer which will show whether they consider. If you are deemed to be a worker, the customer must operate PAYE and NIC on you as if you were employed. You can disagree with a determination and you would need to contact your customer. If your customer is a small entity then it is still your responsibility to determine your employment status and operate under IR35 if appropriate. If it is a contract of service, IR35 will apply. If it is a contract for service, IR35 will not apply. In some situations, it is difficult to establish the type of contract. If IR35 applies, it is necessary to pay a charge equivalent to the PAYE and NIC which would have been due on 95% of the income received. Where IR35 applies, we recommend paying a full salary of at least 95% of the income.

How do you extract money from your limited company?

1. Salary
If the company would be liable to tax under IR35 then a salary should be paid and there is little scope to pay dividends. Otherwise, salary should be paid up to the secondary threshold for NIC if you are a sole employee or up to the income tax personal allowance threshold if there are two or more employees (including yourself) assuming that the company has sufficient funds. If you have no other earnings then you should pay at least above the lower earnings limit (currently £120 per week) to ensure that you get your state pension credit.

2. Dividends
Provided that the company is not subject to IR35 then after the salary up to £9500 (if you are the sole employee, the company will have employers NIC of £98.25 to pay) or £12500, dividends should be considered. Dividends can only be paid if the company has sufficient distributable profits. The current rates of tax on dividends are £2000 at 0% and any remaining personal allowance is also charged at 0%, Basic rate band 7.5%, Higher rate band 32.5% and Additional rate band 38.1%.

3. Reimbursement of expenses
If you incur any expenses on behalf of the company, these should be reimbursed. 

4. Repayment of a credit balance on your director’s loan account If you have paid monies into the company or there are undrawn dividends or salary then these can be drawn out without any charge.

DISCLAIMER
© Thandi Nicholls Ltd 2021 All Rights Reserved – The above articles are provided for guidance only and may not cover your personal circumstances so you should not rely on them. It is important that you seek appropriate professional advice which takes into account your personal circumstances where you can provide the full facts of the case and all documents related to your case. Thandi Nicholls Ltd t/a uklandlordtax.co.uk, K Nicholls FCA or S Thandi cannot be held responsible for the consequences of any action or the consequences of deciding not to act.

Do you have a question for our experts?

If there’s a property tax issue that has you puzzled or worried, get in touch. Everyone on our team loves to talk, especially when it helps people like you find peace of mind.