Property Family Investment Company, Inheritance Tax and Freezing Value

Home 9 Property Family Investment Company and Inheritance Tax

How a limited company could help save Inheritance Tax

Reducing the taxable value in your estate given, the unavailability of Business Property Relief on residential property is a major concern for landlords.

When using a family investment company structure you may be keen to mitigate the IHT liability attaching to your shares. At the same time, you may also be reluctant to pass too much of the company’s current value over to the next generation and may wish to retain the current dividend flow.

In these circumstances, it may be worth you considering a form of planning using so-called “freezer” shares. The intention is to freeze the value of the shares belonging to you so that future growth in value accrues to their intended beneficiary – typically the next generation.

This is achieved by altering the company’s Articles of Association to divide the company’s shares into two classes, A and B shares. The A shares carry an entitlement to dividends and/or capital on winding up equivalent to the current value of the company and are retained by you. The important thing to note here is that when incorporating the company, your current value is equivalent to the nominal value of your A shares. i.e. £1 per share as there are no other assets in the company.

All future growth in the value of the company will accrue to the B shares which will be given to your children or perhaps to a trust that benefits succeeding generations. At this point, there should be no IHT implications inherent in this planning. The new B class of shares will have only a nominal value as initially they have no voting rights, no dividend rights and no capital value above their face value.

There has been no significant transfer of value because the value of the existing shares is not substantially reduced. On your death, you will be taxed only on the value of the company at the date the two share classes were created.

Each case is individual and we strongly advise that you take professional advice to fully understand the use of Family Investment Companies and Freezer Shares. For more information this guide provides further helpful advice on protecting your wealth.  For a no-obligation consultation please get in touch with us at 01902 711370 or email


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